What are the best approaches to teaching financial literacy in UK’s secondary schools?

April 16, 2024

Financial education is increasingly recognised as a vital facet of the curriculum in secondary schools across England. Integrating financial literacy within the school day can equip young people with the essential skills and knowledge to manage their money effectively, making informed financial decisions throughout their lives. But what are the most effective approaches to teaching this subject, and how can schools best utilise their resources to support students’ financial education? Let’s delve into it.

Incorporation of Financial Education into the Curriculum

For financial education to gain a firm footing in schools, it needs to be woven into the fabric of the curriculum. Schools should not see it as an add-on subject but should integrate it into their existing teaching schemes.

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Subjects such as maths offer an excellent platform for introducing financial literacy. Concepts such as interest rates, loans, savings, and budgeting can be explored through maths lessons, making them more relevant and interesting for the students. But financial education should not be confined to maths alone. It can also be linked to other subjects such as English, where students can explore and discuss financial issues through texts, debates, and critical writing.

Teachers can also use real-life scenarios to make financial education more relatable. For example, they could simulate a shopping scenario where students have to budget their money and make purchasing decisions. This method not only helps students understand the value of money but also allows them to apply their learning in a practical context.

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Teacher Training and Continued Professional Development

Teachers play a pivotal role in imparting financial education to young people. Therefore, it’s critical that they are adequately trained and supported in this area.

Schools should prioritise investing in teacher training and continued professional development, ensuring that teachers are equipped with the necessary knowledge and skills to teach financial literacy. This can be achieved through workshops, webinars, and training courses that focus on various aspects of financial education. Moreover, teachers should be encouraged to share their experiences and best practices, fostering a collaborative learning environment where they can learn from each other.

It’s also crucial to cultivate a culture of learning within schools. This means not only focusing on student learning but also on the professional growth of teachers. By investing in their development, schools can ensure that teachers remain motivated and committed to delivering high-quality financial education.

Utilisation of Digital Resources

In today’s digital age, it’s essential to utilise online resources to enhance learning outcomes. This is particularly true when it comes to financial education.

There is an abundance of online platforms and apps that can support financial learning. These resources often provide interactive elements that can make learning fun and engaging for students. For example, online budgeting tools can help students manage their finances and understand the impact of their spending habits.

Furthermore, digital resources can facilitate personalised learning, allowing students to learn at their own pace. This is particularly beneficial for students who may need extra help and support in understanding complex financial concepts.

Involvement of Parents and the Wider Community

Parents and the wider community play a crucial role in cultivating financial literacy among young people. Therefore, schools should actively seek their involvement in supporting students’ financial education.

Schools can organise workshops and information sessions for parents, providing them with the tools to reinforce financial literacy at home. These sessions can cover a wide range of topics, from managing pocket money to discussing student loans. Moreover, schools can also collaborate with local businesses and financial institutions to provide students with real-world experiences and insights into the financial world.

The Role of Policy and Legislation

While schools, teachers, and parents play a pivotal role in promoting financial literacy, it’s also important to consider the role of policy and legislation. Government and educational bodies can significantly influence the teaching of financial education through their policies and directives.

The UK government has already made some strides in this area, with financial education being part of the secondary school curriculum in England since 2014. However, more can be done to prioritise this subject, such as providing more resources to schools, enhancing teacher training, and regularly reviewing the effectiveness of financial education in schools.

In conclusion, the teaching of financial literacy in UK’s secondary schools is a multi-faceted task that requires the involvement of various stakeholders. By integrating financial education into the curriculum, investing in teacher training, utilising digital resources, involving parents and the wider community, and prioritising policies and legislation, schools can deliver effective financial education that equips students with the skills and knowledge they need for a financially secure future.

Collaboration with Financial Institutions and Charities

Establishing partnerships with financial institutions and money charities is another valuable approach to bolstering financial education in secondary schools. Such collaborations can provide students with a real-life perspective on managing money, making informed financial decisions and understanding the importance of good financial habits.

Financial institutions can offer practical sessions on banking, investment, and understanding financial products. Banks can explain the functioning of savings and current accounts, credit and debit cards, loans, and mortgages. Investment firms can elucidate on stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and the importance of investing for the future.

Charities like the Money Charity and Money Pensions Service, on the other hand, can provide resources and workshops that focus on the importance of budgeting, saving, and avoiding debt. They can also offer sessions on understanding payslips, taxes, and pensions, which are crucial aspects of financial wellbeing.

Additionally, the collaboration with these institutions and charities can often extend beyond the classroom. For instance, arranging visits to banks or inviting financial experts to school events can give young people a broader and more practical understanding of the financial world.

Enhancing Financial Capability through Specialised Programmes

Specialised programmes, such as those organised during the Money Week, can be an effective way to enhance financial capability among young people. Schools can set aside a week or a few days in a year dedicated to financial education. During this time, the entire school can get involved in various activities aimed at enhancing students’ financial literacy.

The activities can range from budgeting and saving challenges to competitions and quizzes that test financial knowledge. Schools can also invite guest speakers from the financial sector to share their experiences and insights. This can stimulate interest and discussion among students about personal finance.

Moreover, these programmes can be customised to each key stage, ensuring that the material is appropriate and relevant for the students. This flexibility allows for a gradual build-up of financial competence, beginning with basic money management concepts for younger students and progressing to more complex topics such as investments and taxes for older students.


Promoting financial literacy in the UK’s secondary schools is a crucial task that demands the collective efforts of schools, teachers, parents, financial institutions, charities, and policy-makers. By weaving financial education into the curriculum, investing in teacher training, harnessing digital resources, engaging parents and the community, collaborating with financial institutions and charities, and implementing specialised programmes, schools can effectively equip young people with the necessary knowledge and skills to make sound financial decisions.

However, a sustained focus is needed to ensure that these initiatives are not just one-off efforts but are ingrained in the school culture. Regular assessments and tweaks to the programmes based on the feedback from the students and teachers can help in maintaining the momentum. With concerted efforts, we can hope to create a generation of financially savvy individuals, capable of managing their money for a secure financial future.