What Dietary Adjustments Can Help Manage Symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)?

April 16, 2024

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder among women of reproductive age. The symptoms can be troubling, varying from obesity and irregular periods to infertility and insulin resistance. While medication is often recommended, diet and lifestyle changes have proven to massively aid in managing the symptoms of PCOS. This article is an exploration of the dietary adjustments that could help manage PCOS symptoms.

Embrace a Low Glycemic Index (GI) Diet

The first dietary adjustment that we’ll discuss is the adoption of a low glycemic index (GI) diet. GI is a ranking system for carbohydrates based on their effect on blood glucose levels. Foods with a high GI cause a rapid rise in blood sugar, leading to a spike in insulin levels – a common issue in women with PCOS.

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A low GI diet prioritizes foods that have a slow, steady effect on blood glucose and insulin levels. Such foods include whole grains, legumes, fruits, and non-starchy vegetables. One study found that a low GI diet reduced insulin levels in women with PCOS by 8.9% and improved menstrual regularity.

By choosing low GI foods, you’re ensuring your body gets a steady supply of energy, helping to manage blood glucose and insulin levels, and potentially reducing PCOS symptoms.

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Limit Intake of Processed Foods and Sugars

Consuming processed foods and sugars can exacerbate the symptoms of PCOS. Processed foods often contain unhealthy fats, sugars, and high levels of sodium, all of which can contribute to weight gain and inflammation – two factors that can worsen PCOS symptoms.

Research indicates that diets high in sugars can increase insulin resistance, a common problem in women with PCOS. High insulin levels can stimulate the ovaries to produce more testosterone, leading to common PCOS symptoms like irregular menstrual cycles and acne.

By reducing your intake of processed foods and sugars, you’re minimizing the potential for insulin resistance, helping to regulate hormonal balance, and keeping your weight in check.

Incorporate Anti-Inflammatory Foods

Inflammation plays a significant role in the development of PCOS, contributing to insulin resistance and other related conditions like heart disease and diabetes. Hence, incorporating anti-inflammatory foods into your diet can be beneficial in managing PCOS symptoms.

Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, such as fish, walnuts, and flaxseeds, have anti-inflammatory properties. Fruits and vegetables are also known to reduce inflammation due to their high antioxidant content. Some of these include berries, tomatoes, olive oil, leafy green vegetables, and nuts.

Regularly including these foods in your diet can reduce inflammation, which can help improve insulin sensitivity and reduce other symptoms related to PCOS.

Include High-Fiber Foods

Fiber plays a crucial role in managing PCOS symptoms. It aids in digestion and helps in maintaining a healthy weight, which is crucial for those suffering from PCOS. Fiber also helps control blood sugar levels by slowing down digestion and reducing the impact of sugar on the blood.

Foods high in fiber include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes. One study found that a high-fiber diet was associated with lower levels of total testosterone and free androgen index in women with PCOS, suggesting that a high-fiber diet might help regulate hormones in PCOS.

Including high-fiber foods in your diet can aid in digestion, maintain a healthy weight, manage blood sugar levels, and potentially help with hormone regulation.

Prioritize Regular Meals and Snacks

One often overlooked aspect of managing PCOS symptoms through diet is the timing and regularity of meals and snacks. Skipping meals or having long gaps between meals can lead to blood sugar spikes and crashes, which can exacerbate PCOS symptoms.

Aim for regular meals and snacks spaced throughout the day, which can help keep your blood sugar levels steady. This can reduce insulin spikes and crashes, helping to manage symptoms such as irregular periods and weight gain.

Also, having protein with each meal and snack can help keep you satisfied and maintain steady energy and blood sugar levels. Nuts, seeds, eggs, lean meats, and dairy are great sources of protein to include in your meals and snacks.

While this article has provided a comprehensive overview of dietary adjustments to manage PCOS symptoms, it’s always best to consult a healthcare provider or a registered dietitian for personalized advice. Remember, managing PCOS is not just about diet; it’s also about maintaining an active lifestyle, managing stress, and getting regular check-ups.

Choose Probiotic-Rich Foods

Probiotics are live bacteria and yeasts which are beneficial for digestive health. They are often referred to as ‘good’ or ‘friendly’ bacteria. Studies have suggested that women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) have a different gut microbiota composition compared to those who do not have PCOS. Thus, incorporating probiotic-rich foods into your diet could be beneficial.

Fermented foods like yogurt, kefir, sauerkraut, tempeh and kimchi are good sources of probiotics. Moreover, they help to improve gut health, enhancing digestion and nutrient absorption, which in turn can help manage PCOS symptoms. Some research indicates that probiotics can help with weight management, one of the biggest challenges faced by women with PCOS.

Regularly including probiotic-rich foods in your diet can aid digestion, potentially help manage weight, and might even alter gut microbiota composition in a beneficial way. It’s important to note that if you have a lactose intolerance or certain allergies, you may have to choose your probiotic sources carefully or consider a probiotic supplement instead. As always, it’s best to consult a healthcare provider or a registered dietitian for personalized advice.

Hydrate Yourself Adequately

Hydration is critical for overall health, and it is particularly important for individuals with PCOS. Drinking sufficient water helps maintain bodily functions, assists in digestion and nutrient absorption, and aids in weight management. Moreover, staying hydrated can also help manage the skin problems associated with PCOS, as water helps to flush toxins from the body, contributing to clearer skin.

Aim to drink at least eight glasses of water per day, but this might vary depending on your individual needs, size, and level of physical activity. Additionally, foods like cucumbers, watermelon, oranges, and strawberries are high in water content and can aid in hydration. However, try to avoid sugary drinks like soda or fruit juices, as these can lead to a spike in blood sugar levels and exacerbate PCOS symptoms.

Adequate hydration is vital to your overall health and can potentially help manage PCOS symptoms. Remember, the amount of water needed can vary from person to person, so listen to your body’s signals and seek professional advice if needed.


Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder among women of reproductive age. The associated symptoms can be distressing and challenging to manage. However, dietary adjustments can make a significant difference in managing these symptoms.

Embracing a low GI diet, limiting intake of processed foods, incorporating anti-inflammatory foods, including high-fiber foods, and prioritizing regular meals can all contribute to better PCOS management. Including probiotic-rich foods can also be beneficial, and staying well-hydrated is crucial.

While these dietary changes can help manage symptoms, it’s essential to remember that each individual is unique and may respond differently to these adjustments. Therefore, it is always recommended to consult a healthcare provider or a registered dietitian for personalized advice and guidance. Alongside dietary changes, maintaining an active lifestyle, managing stress, and getting regular check-ups is also key in managing PCOS. Remember, managing PCOS is not just about diet; it’s about a holistic approach to health and well-being.