What’s the Best Way to Monitor a Dog’s Health Through Regular At-Home Check-Ups?

April 16, 2024

As pet owners, we all wish dogs could talk to us and let us know when they’re not feeling well. Since they can’t, it’s crucial to understand how to monitor their health at home. This task is not a substitute for professional veterinary care, but it’s a complementary process that can help detect any health issues early.

Recognize Changes in Behavior

Changes in your dog’s behavior can often be the first sign of underlying health issues. It’s important to know your dog’s usual behaviors, so you can recognize any deviations. If your dog is usually energetic and becomes lethargic, or a normally friendly dog becomes aggressive, it could indicate a health problem.

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One of the most noticeable behavior changes in dogs is their level of activity. If your dog is less active than usual, it could indicate they’re not feeling well. Similarly, changes in their sleep patterns, such as sleeping more or less than usual, can be a sign of illness.

Changes in your dog’s eating and drinking habits could also indicate health problems. If your dog eats less than usual, it could be a sign of dental problems, digestive issues, or other health concerns. Increased thirst and urination can be signs of kidney disease or diabetes.

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Another behavior to monitor is your dog’s toilet habits. Changes in the frequency, color, consistency, or smell of their urine or feces can indicate various health issues. For example, blood in the stool could indicate a digestive issue, while frequent urination could be a sign of a urinary tract infection.

Perform Regular Physical Examinations

Performing regular physical examinations on your dog at home can help you detect potential health problems early. These examinations should include checking your dog’s body condition, skin and coat, eyes, ears, mouth, and paws.

In terms of body condition, your dog’s ribs should be palpable but not visible. If you can see your dog’s ribs, it could indicate they are underweight. Conversely, if you can’t feel your dog’s ribs, it might mean they are overweight.

Your dog’s skin and coat should be clean and free of parasites. Check for any changes in the color or texture of your dog’s coat, as well as any unusual lumps, bumps, or sores on their skin.

The eyes should be clear, bright, and free of discharge. Any changes in the color or clarity of your dog’s eyes, or any discharge, could indicate an eye infection or other eye condition.

The ears should be clean and free of discharge, and they should not have a bad smell. If you notice any changes in your dog’s ears, it could indicate an ear infection or other ear problems.

Checking your dog’s mouth involves looking at their teeth and gums. Healthy gums should be pink, and the teeth should be clean without any brown or yellow buildup. Any changes in your dog’s mouth could indicate dental problems.

Lastly, check your dog’s paws and nails. They should be clean and free from any cuts or injuries. If you notice any changes, it could indicate a paw or nail injury.

Monitor Your Dog’s Weight

Weight management is crucial for your dog’s health. Both underweight and overweight dogs can face numerous health problems. Therefore, monitoring your dog’s weight on a regular basis is essential.

You can weigh your dog at home using a regular scale. Have your dog sit or stand on the scale, and record their weight. It’s important to weigh your dog at the same time each day, preferably in the morning before feeding them.

Changes in your dog’s weight could be a sign of various health issues. Rapid weight loss could indicate a metabolic disorder, cancer, or other serious health problem. On the other hand, rapid weight gain could be a sign of overfeeding, lack of exercise, or a hormonal disorder.

Keep Track of Vaccinations and Preventive Medicines

Keeping track of your dog’s vaccinations and preventive medicines is a crucial part of monitoring their health. These help protect your dog from various infectious diseases and parasites.

Your dog should be up-to-date on their vaccinations, including those for rabies, distemper, parvovirus, and canine hepatitis. Additionally, preventive medicines for heartworm, ticks, and fleas are important to protect your dog’s health.

You can keep a record of your dog’s vaccinations and preventive medicines, either in a physical notebook or in a digital format. This will help ensure your dog is getting the necessary vaccinations and preventive medicines on time.

Understand Your Dog’s Breed-Specific Health Risks

Each dog breed has specific health risks. By understanding these, you can be more proactive and vigilant in monitoring your dog’s health. For example, brachycephalic breeds like Bulldogs and Pugs are prone to respiratory problems, while large breeds like Great Danes and St. Bernards are prone to heart conditions.

Regular Vet Checks: The Big Picture

Regular vet checks also play an integral role in maintaining your dog’s health. These checks provide a comprehensive health assessment that can catch issues that may not be immediately visible or detectable through at-home checks. Therefore, regardless of how consistently and closely you monitor your dog’s health at home, routine vet checks are essential.

These checks usually involve a full physical examination and a discussion about your dog’s eating habits, behaviour, and lifestyle. Your vet may also recommend blood tests, urine tests, and fecal tests to get a holistic view of your dog’s health.

Annual check-ups are generally sufficient for young, healthy dogs. However, older dogs, dogs with chronic health conditions, and breeds prone to specific health risks may require more frequent check-ups. Discuss with your vet about the optimal frequency of vet visits for your dog.

Your vet may also recommend specific preventive care, based on your dog’s age, breed, and lifestyle. This preventive care could include vaccinations, dental cleanings, heartworm tests, flea and tick prevention, and more. Be sure to keep a record of your dog’s vet visits and preventive care, just as you do with vaccinations and preventive medicines.

Use of Technology in Monitoring Your Dog’s Health

Technological advancements have made it easier than ever to monitor your dog’s health at home. Various pet health technology products, such as smart collars and pet health apps, can assist you in tracking your dog’s health and behavior.

Smart collars can track your dog’s activity levels, sleep patterns, calories burned, and even heart rate and breathing rate. Some can even alert you if your dog’s vitals deviate from their usual range, which could indicate a health problem.

Pet health apps, on the other hand, can help you keep a digital record of your dog’s health data. You can log your dog’s weight, diet, exercise, vaccinations, vet visits, and more. Some apps also allow you to set reminders for vaccinations and vet visits, ensuring that you don’t miss any important dates.

While these technologies can aid in monitoring your dog’s health, they should not replace regular at-home checks and vet visits. They should be used as supplementary tools to give you a more comprehensive understanding of your dog’s health.


Monitoring your dog’s health at home is a proactive approach to ensure their well-being. By recognizing changes in behavior, performing regular physical examinations, managing weight, keeping track of vaccinations and preventive medicines, understanding breed-specific health risks and using technology, you can detect potential health issues early and seek veterinary care promptly.

However, remember that at-home health monitoring is not a substitute for professional veterinary care. Regular vet checks are vital for a comprehensive assessment of your dog’s health and for preventive care.

Remember, your dog relies on you for their health and well-being. Stay informed, stay vigilant, and provide your dog with the best possible care.